The reliability and validity of the Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) was demonstrated. addiction" and, recently, "Smartphone addiction". It is only 10 years since Apple launched the first iPhone, but problematic smartphone use has become a new challenge to population health. These common points are not integrally researched, but each symptom has been found in … 1 The estimated prevalence is up to 38%, … Methods A total of 283 participants were recruited from Dec. 2012 to Jul. In two of these profiles, users are exhibiting addictive behaviors. Smartphone addiction could be categorized as a behavioral addiction, such as Internet addiction. Thus, to use the smartphone for gambling or to engage in other addictive behaviors should not be confused with a smartphone addiction (Lopez-Fernandez et al., 2017). 3. Mobile Phone Addiction Symptoms among Adolescents In one of the earliest relevant studies, Bianchi and Phillips (2005)  argued that the problem of mobile phone use may be a symptom of an impulse control deficit or depression. Smartphone Addiction is an extension of Internet Addiction (Kimberly, 1998), which may also encompass other forms of behaviour bundled through the device, such as gaming, social networking, and online shopping (Block, 2008; Montag et al., 2015a). Objective The aim of this study was to develop a self-administered scale based on the special features of smartphone. A member of the Kwon civic group in South Korea, Kim Nam-Hee, asked a classroom of 10 year old students compare the hours they spend on their smartphones with the time they spend interacting with relatives. 2018; Stieger and Lewetz 2018). This study investigated the prevalence and factors associated with smartphone addiction and depression among a Middle Eastern population.
Most studies of smartphone addiction have focused on parent interventions and mediation in preventing smartphone addiction among the children, such as by restricting media use, setting rules for the amount of time and type of content viewed, and explaining and discussing the media (Ching & Tak, 2017; Hwang, Choi, Yum, & Jeong, 2017; Hwang & Jeong, 2015). Three of the studies found a significant association between bedtime social media or smartphone use and increased latency (Fobian, Avis, & Schwebel, 2016; Pieters et al., 2014; Scott & Woods, 2018), while one study found increased latency associated with a measure of internet addiction (Ekİncİ et al., 2014). Behavioral and chemical addictions have seven core symptoms in common, that is, salience, tolerance, mood modification, conflict, withdrawal, problems, and relapse (Grant et al., 2010; Griffiths, 2005). Related to the above is the issue of the relationship between “smartphone addiction” and “Internet addiction.” Addiction to smartphone usage is a common worldwide problem among adults, which might negatively affect their wellbeing. When respondents cannot use their smartphone, they experience negative feelings, leading to withdrawal symptoms and fear of missing out (Eide et al. 2016). The Consequences Of Smartphone Addiction Smartphone addiction, particularly among children, is altering the way we interact with one another. Smartphone addiction, sometimes colloquially known as “nomophobia” (fear of being without a mobile phone), is often fueled by an Internet overuse problem or Internet addiction disorder.