social learning theory criminology essay

Examining Theory Paper Criminology—CJA/314 December 20, 2012 Sandra Janics Introduction There are many theories in the field of criminology that seek to explain the reasons behind why people commit crimes.Social process theory is one such theory and asserts that criminal behavior is learned through interactions with others (Schmalleger, 2012). The theory says that the human behavior is modeled through observation of human social interaction, either directly from observing those who are close or from intimate contact, or indirectly through the media. This theory was introduced by Ronald L. Akers as a reformulation of Edwin H. Sutherland 's (1947) differential association theory of crime meld with principles of behavior psychology (Bradshaw, 2011).

The social learning theory is based on nurture as it is taught and not naturally passed on from the parents.

But arguments state that the social learning theory could also be nature as children may already have the instinct to carry out an aggressive behaviour before watching it occur. The likelihood of a behavior presenting itself will rely on the amount of reinforcement it receives and the value that the individual associates to it. Social learning theory is a psychological theory that argues that children may learn hostile and aggressive attitudes through observation. Social Learning Theory Essay 1057 Words | 5 Pages. ). Social Learning Theory states that regardless of whether an individual is conforming or deviant, they become this way by learning from and imitating others. The balance of certain influences play a large part in what an individual chooses to do. Malinowska-Sempruch, K., & Rychkova, O. Social Learning Theory and the Explanation of Crime. The behavioral learning aspect of Akers’s social learning theory (as first proposed by Burgess and Akers, 1966) draws from the classical work of B. F. Skinner, yet, more recently, Akers (1998) commented on how his theory is more closely aligned with cognitive learning theories such as those associated with Albert Bandura (1977), among others. Social Learning Theory (SLT) is one of the most frequently looked at theories in the criminology field. Originally hypothesized by Albert Bandura, it demonstrates the effects of how easily a child's mind can be molded based on what that child observes. (2015). International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, 62 (13), 4124-4141. Routledge. Extending social learning theory to explain victimization among gang and ex-gang offenders.

Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory describes the process through which people acquire new info, forms of behavior, or attitudes from others firsthand or vicariously. Jensen, G. (2017). Social learning theory also applies to a social system or a nation that is politically, socially and culturally consistent (McLaughlin & Newburn, 2010). The Social Learning Theory is a theory that I believe produces a real structured reasoning behind why people do what they do.