social exchange theory essay


Social exchange theory focuses on reciprocity and exchange of resources.
Social exchange theories focus on this aspect of social life—the benefits that people obtain from, and contribute to, social interaction, and the patterns of interdependence that govern those exchanges. Social exchange theory proposes that social behavior is the result of an exchange process. Section I – Discussion The theory of social exchange developed from applying the economic concept of exchange to social relationships. The Social Exchange Theory was created by researchers John W. Thibaut and Harold H. Kelley, was an attempt to everyday interpersonal relationships. In this entry, social exchange theory is defined and discussed as it applies to the aging process. This theory, with backgrounds in sociology and economics, appeals to so many because of it simple answers to human interaction and intentions.

With the establishment of an exchange process, a social quid pro quo or give-and-take emerges. With the establishment of an exchange process, a social quid pro quo or give-and-take emerges. According to this theory, developed by sociologist George Homans, people weigh the potential benefits and risks of social relationships. Social Exchange Theory 2 Application of: The Social Exchange Theory In everyday interactions people are always looking to have a positive experience among those with whom they interact.

Social exchange theory and social identity theory posit compelling notions about human behavior. Social Exchange Theory Uploaded by cutee2 on Nov 03, 2011. Social identity theory (Tajfel & Turner, 1979) maintains that individuals, once placed in groups either by their own volition or assigned by an outside entity, attempt to differentiate themselves by social categorization. Social Exchange Theory Essays 1531 Words | 7 Pages.
When the risks outweigh the rewards, people will terminate or abandon that relationship. The purpose of this exchange is to maximize benefits and minimize costs.

Sociocultural approval of violence allows the expressive and instrumental violent behavior to produce the significant reward of social control or power. This essay will discuss the theory of social exchange, how it is applied to real-life situations, and criticism of the theory. Social exchange theory focuses on reciprocity and exchange of resources. Exchange theory proposes that family violence is governed by the principle of cost and benefit, through abuse when the reward is greater than the cost. This perspective suggests that the relationship between individuals is generated by the pursuit of rewards and benefits and the avoidance of costs and punishment. Social exchange theory proposes that social behavior and interactions among individuals are a result of an exchange process.