Translation (Protein Synthesis) in Eukaryotes. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (31) 1. Match. PLAY. carlycalabrese GO. Protein synthesis. STUDY. Spell. A preponderance of textbooks outlines cellular protein synthesis (translation) in three basic steps: initiation, elongation, and termination. Gravity. 3. Transfer RNA is shaped like a clover leaf with three loops. Protein synthesis represents the final stage in the translation of genetic information from DNA, via messenger RNA (mRNA), to protein. Write. DNA strands separate Bases are exposed and copied onto mRNA This is called transcription. These sequences are joined together to form a protein. Created by. Test. It is the process in which ribosomes in the cytoplasm or ER synthesize proteins after the process of … It can be viewed as a four-stage process, consisting of amino acid activation, translation initiation, chain elongation, and termination. Mouth: Degrading Protein The initial stage of protein breakdown occurs in your mouth through mastication, or what you may know better as chewing, when your teeth break apart large pieces of food to increase the surface area for easier digestion. Code on mRNA determines what amino acids can attach . The digestion of protein involves five steps. 2. mRNA leaves the nucleus and travels to ribosome. Transfer RNA plays a huge role in protein synthesis and translation.
Flashcards. Its job is to translate the message within the nucleotide sequence of mRNA to a specific amino acid sequence. Translation involves translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. Learn. Ribosome recycling occurs after the nascent polypeptide has been released during the termination step. Biology Chapter 10 Quiz: Protein Synthesis 8 steps. Read more: Top 10 Sources of Protein. However, researchers in the field of translation accept that a vital fourth step exists; this fourth step is called ribosome recycling.