current research on phonics instruction 2018

Teaching experience supports a multi-sensory instruction approach in the early grades to improve phonemic awareness, phonics, and reading comprehension skills. “For reading scientists, the evidence that the phonological pathway is used in reading and is especially important in beginning reading is about as close to conclusive as research on complex human behavior can get” (Seidenberg, 2017, p. 124). The premise of the story, reported by American Public Media's Emily Hanford, is that scientific research has shown how children learn to read. Some teachers just don't have the time during their day to devote an entire block to teaching phonics skills. Cover lots of skills. John Hattie developed a way of synthesizing various influences in different meta-analyses according to their effect size (Cohen’s d). Multi-sensory instruction combines listening, speaking, reading, and a tactile or kinesthetic activity. Results found that, by May, 71.8% of students had attained full letter naming knowledge. status of research-based knowledge, including the effectiveness of various approaches to teaching children to read.” The panel was charged with providing a report that “should present the panel’s conclusions, an indication of the readiness for application in the classroom of the results of this research… Students were assessed across December, February, and May of the kindergarten year. Maybe you are using an adopted program that does a daily phonics routine, but it's short and not that great. “Thanks to new scientific research—plus a long- awaited scientific and political consensus around this research—the knowledge exists to teach all but a handful of severely disabled children to read well. Phonics instruction is not an entire reading program for beginning readers. There are several forms of phonics instruction, including synthetic, analytic, embedded, spelling-based, and analogy-based phonics. In his ground-breaking study “Visible Learning” he ranked 138 influences that are related to learning outcomes from very positive effects to very negative effects. The most effective phonics instruction teaches children to identify phonemes in spoken language first, then to understand how these are represented by letters and letter combinations (graphemes)’. Phonics Developments in England from 1998 to 2018. The teaching of phonics should be explicit and systematic to support children in making connections between the sound patterns they hear in words and the way that these words are written. Along with phonics instruction, young children should be solidifying their knowledge of the alphabet, engaging in phonemic awareness activities, and listening to stories and informational texts read aloud to them. … Most studies of phonics instruction have primarily examined decoding instruction (Foorman, Francis, Fletcher, Schatschneider, & Mehta, 1998; Torgesen et al., 2001). This study measures letter naming, phonological awareness, and spelling knowledge in 2,100 kindergarten students attending 63 schools within a large, urban school district. Our current dominate way of teaching children to read learning phonics in context is leaving a great percentage of children illiterate. In one study that did examine encoding instruction, Torgesen … Let's make sure that if all you have is 15 minutes a day, you do these things. Research clearly shows phonics to be a cornerstone of effective, early reading instruction. Hattie found that the average effect size of all the interventions he studied was 0.40. Research on Encoding.