The comparative descriptions of suicidal ideation and behavior show some important differences; for example, the rate of suicide in males is higher than that in females, but studies of suicidal thoughts and nonfatal suicidal behavior (suicide attempts) routinely show females with higher rates (U.S. Public Health Service, 2001). Acknowledging the complexity and multi-determined nature of suicidal behavior in older adults, we provide a framework for its understanding and on which to base its prevention. 3, p. 308. CrossRef; Google Scholar; Braquehais, M. Dolores Oquendo, Maria A. Baca-García, Enrique and Sher, Leo 2010. As it has for decades, suicide remains one of the leading causes of death in the western world. Dopa decarboxylase and tyrosine hydroxylase gene variants in suicidal behavior. Zhao and Shai’s study reveals that the students’ attitudes toward suicidal behavior and the attitude toward suicide-loss survivors played as a mediator between self-efficacy in managing happiness and self-evaluations among college students. We review the evidence for factors that place older adults at risk for suicide, or protect them from it. Information about the epidemiology of such behavior is important for policy-making and prevention. Research on West African countries in particular is lacking. Is impulsivity a link between childhood abuse and suicide?. 51, Issue.
Suicidal behavior is a result of a complex interaction between a wide array of psychosocial, economic, biological, and cultural risk factors across the lifespan of an individual. Past suicidal behaviors including ideation and attempts have been identified as significant risk factors for subsequent suicidal behavior. Introduction Research on factors associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts has been conducted largely in developed countries. Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. Methods Data were obtained from the Global School-based Health Survey conducted in Benin in 2009. This article is an introduction into the field of suicidology, i.e., the scientific study of suicidal behavior and its prevention. Suicidal behavior is a major public health problem. Suicidal behavior is a leading cause of injury and death worldwide. The authors reviewed government data on suicide and suicidal behavior and conducted a systematic review of studies on the epidemiology of suicide published from 1997 to 2007. Maternal and offspring suicidal behavior were correlated (tetrachoric correlation=0.15, confidence interval [CI], 0.13, 0.17]). 147B, Issue. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, Vol. However, inadequate attention has been given to the development or validation of measures of past suicidal behavior.