adhd review article

To update a previous review by comparing strategies to diagnose, treat, and monitor children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This systematic review aims at determining the effect of diet interventions on the behavior of children with ADHD, based on published meta-analyses including double-blind placebo-controlled (DBPC) trials only and differentiating between types of interventions, thus address-ing the above-mentioned limitations of previous reviews on ADHD and diet. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood behavioural disorder. Systematic reviews indicate that the community prevalence globally is between 2% and 7%, with an average of around 5%. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of these studies to date. ADHD which is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder affecting cognitive and behavioral domains of the person affected has also been known to be associated with sleep problems as a comorbidity.

Key Messages.

Several recent behavioural and behavioural genetic studies have investigated the relationship between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and mathematical ability. At least a further 5% of children have substantial difficulties with overactivity, inattention, and impulsivity that are just under the threshold to meet full diagnostic criteria for ADHD. 1 The recognition and treatment of ADHD date from the second half of the 20th century. It is more common in boys than girls.

0%. Comorbidity with childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorders and psychiatric disorders is substantial. He is diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by a paediatrician and starts treatment with methylphenidate. Evidence was insufficient on imaging or electroencephalogram to diagnose ADHD in children 7–17 years of age. ADHD is highly heritable and multifactorial; multiple genes and non-inherited factors contribute to the disorder. #### What you need to know A 10 year old boy is restless at school and often disturbs the rest of the class. Sleep disorders including sleep-disordered breathing, restless leg syndrome, narcolepsy, insomnia, and hypersomnia have been known to have an intertwined relationship. This article reviews data about the role that genes play in the etiology of ADHD from two perspectives. Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity that is pervasive across settings and leads to various degrees of functional impairment.

His mother is concerned that his restlessness interferes with his activities outside school.